One of the assessment tools that teachers can use is an anecdotal record, which is a written note based on student observation.
An anecdotal record does not need to be written like a long narrative report, but it is recommended that it should be brief and contain significant details such as the first name of the child, date when the record was conducted, setting and event. In addition, an anecdotal record becomes more authentic if the teacher can capture the direct quotes stated by the child. The direct quotes need not be edited for the purpose of preserving the originality of the student’s utterance or work.
Making use of an anecdotal record helps teachers further understand their students and is one way of documenting their learning. It also helps teachers track student behavior changes that can be used for future observations, curriculum planning and student or parent conferences.
Furthermore, an anecdotal record provides evidence of a child’s development. Specifically, an anecdotal record is used to:
- better understand children’s learning over a period of time
- provide ongoing records about individual instructional needs
- capture significant student behavior that might otherwise be lost
- provide ongoing documentation of student learning that may be shared with parents and teachers
Teachers can maximize the use of an anecdotal record if they do the following:
- Plan ahead to collect information. Teachers are suggested to identify ways on how to collect information, including using sticky notes, journals and mobile phones. In taking notes or in recording, teachers can explore different strategies such as writing a word or phrase and making codes in capturing the child’s action, words, phrases and expressions.
- Choose the skills to observe during different activities. It is recommended to select certain skills or approaches to learning. Teachers can also focus on certain learner profile attributes and attitudes in doing the anecdotal record.
Schools can come up with an essential agreement on the use of anecdotal record. Using an anecdotal record is aligned with IB programme standards and practices on assessment.
When teachers make use of an anecdotal record and embrace the practice, it becomes a routine. Once it is a routine, it becomes easier for teachers to write anecdotal records, which are valuable tools for assessment and help enrich the teaching and learning process.
By: Zaida Puyo
Grade 2 Level Head
BINUS SCHOOL Simprug