In the How We Organize Ourselves unit, Year 3 students in Sekolah Cikal learn how the connection between supply and demand creates space for economic activities. At the beginning of the unit, students explored the difference between wants and needs, and identified them by cutting and pasting some pictures from old magazines.
As the unit goes, students learned that money plays an important part in economic activities. People use money to pay for the things that they need. One way that most people get money is by earning it. Therefore, the students did some experiential learning by having a proper two-hours job during the weekend, in their family or relatives’ business. In this project, they earned some amount of money based on the prior agreement between the school, students, parents, and other parties involved. Through this activity, the students learned to recognize work as a means for earning money, to be responsible for the work that they do, and learned to manage the money that they have earned.
The Y3 experiential learning project received positive feed backs from parents. Parents praised that their children have better responsibility towards money, now that the children know what it takes to earn money on their own.
After the students do the experiential learning, it’s time to decide what they are going to do with the money. In our culture, money is one of the resources that we can save, spend, or donate. The students have their choices, and they decided to spend some of their salary as business capital. They will learn to be producers and sell their products on Y3 Market Day at Sekolah Cikal. The money raised in this Market Day will be donated to an elderly home in East Jakarta.
As the first step of being a producer, the students conduct a market survey around the school’s community. The purpose of this survey is to know what goods or services that they will sell based on the market’s interest, to know how much price should be given for their products, and to know what materials or colours that the customers prefer.
Students are then divided into groups, based on their interests and skills. Those who like to cook will be chefs, and produce some food and beverages. While other students who love arts will decorate some stationery and create their own accessories. There were also some other students who decided to provide services in games, karaoke or photo booth for the customers.
Guest Speaker and Workshops
To help students practice their skills as producers, we invited a guest speaker and conducted some workshops. The guest speaker taught them how to run business from home. The students also had a chance to learn to paint some decorative cans. Later, these cans will be given to the elderly community as a bucket to keep their personal toiletries.
Aside from the guest speaker, students then had some workshops to learn how to produce their own food, beverages, accessories or stationery that they will sell during Y3 Market Day.
In the above pictures, teachers showed the students how to make spaghetti, egg sandwich, banana pancakes and strawberry milkshake.
Students who love arts worked to produce their own necklaces, headband, hair tie, or decorated some notebooks with guidance from the teachers.
During the workshop, the students took notes on the ingredients or materials needed, the steps of making the product, and also the price for the ingredients or materials. Knowing the price for all the ingredients or materials is an important step for them to decide the price of their products later on. They learn that they have to set a higher price for their products in order to earn some profits from the business.
Now, it’s time to promote the products! Y3 students visited some classes to promote the upcoming event Y3 Market Day. They informed other students and teachers about the types of products or services that they will sell and also the price range for each product. They also informed that the money raised in this event will be used to buy some goods and toiletries needed by an elderly home in Jakarta.
A day or two days before the event, the students divided some responsibilities among themselves, such as, who will be the cashier, who will be the chef, or who will be the marketing to invite buyers to visit their booths and buy their products. Also, they decided on who will bring stove, frying pan, pot, or other kitchen utensils, as well as the tablecloth and tray to display the products.
The Market Day
Finally, the D day! Y3 Market Day started at 9 o’clock. So, from 7.30 in the morning, the students have gathered in the ‘production room’ where the class has been set up as a kitchen to produce the food and beverages. The students started preparing their products. Some of them blended the milk, ice cream, and strawberries to make milkshake and poured it into plastic cups. Some others helped to wash the tomatoes needed to make spaghetti sauce, while other students grated some cheese for the burritos filling. They also put the egg, tomatoes, and cheese in between sliced of bread to make some sandwiches.
Outside the production room, people have gathered around their booths. Some eager customers are waiting to be served. Students, teachers, and parents bought the food and beverages, stationery, and accessories from Y3 students. The students who acted as cashier took payment from the customers and gave change money when needed. Other students who acted as marketing invite buyers to buy the products in their booth, they even gave discount for the customers who bought more than one item. All of the goods are sold out in less than an hour, woohoo!!
There were also some students who provide a photo booth for the customers who would like to take pictures with friends, by using the properties that the students have prepared earlier. Soon after the picture taking, the customers then received the photo that was taken by a polaroid camera. This booth was one of the most successful and famous booth during Market Day, and they earned the most money. Good job, boys!
All in all, this unit gave many new and valuable experiences for the students. They were so happy to be able to learn about economic activities in a fun and rewarding way as producers and sellers. They also developed the concept of earning money, buying, selling, promoting, and adjusting price related to supply and demand. In addition, the students learned how to organise their money by spending, saving, or donating for the ones in need.
This will always be the unit we all look forward to.
Nisa Herliana, Grade 3 Teacher, Sekolah Cikal Cilandak.